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php生成验证码类

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分享一个php生成验证码类,生成的验证码带干扰不容易被破解软件阅读破解,而且可以自定义字体和颜色,非常适合用于项目开发。

<?php
/**
*带文字旋转,倾斜,黏贴,加正弦干扰线验证码*
*/
class Utils_Caption {
	var $Width = 60; //图片宽
	var $Height = 30; //图片高
	var $Length = 4; //验证码位数
	var $BgColor = "#FFFFFF"; //背景色

	var $TFonts = array (
		"morker.ttf"
	);
	var $TFontSize = array (
		17,
		20
	); //字体大小范围
	var $TFontAngle = array (
		-20,
		20
	); //旋转角度

	var $Chars = "2345678abcdefghgkmnpqrstuvwxyz"; //验证码范围(字母数字)

	var $Code = array (); //验证码
	var $Image = ""; //图形对象
	var $FontColors = array (
		'#f36161',
		'#6bc146',
		'#5368bd'
	); //字体颜色,红绿蓝
	var $TPadden = 0.75; ///字符间距,多少个字符
	var $Txbase = 5; ///x轴两边距离
	var $Tybase = 5; ///y轴两边距离
	var $TLine = false; ///画干扰线

	public function RandRSI() ///生成验证码
	{
		$this->TFontAngle = range($this->TFontAngle[0], $this->TFontAngle[1]);
		$this->TFontSize = range($this->TFontSize[0], $this->TFontSize[1]);

		$arr = array ();
		$Chars = $this->Chars;
		$TFontAngle = $this->TFontAngle;
		$TFontSize = $this->TFontSize;
		$FontColors = $this->FontColors;
		$code = "";
		$font = $this->TFonts[0];

		$charlen = strlen($Chars) - 1;
		$anglelen = count($TFontAngle) - 1; // 角度范围
		$fontsizelen = count($TFontSize) - 1; // 角度范围
		$fontcolorlen = count($FontColors) - 1; // 角度范围

		for ($i = 0; $i < $this->Length; $i++) ///得到字符与颜色
			{
			$char = $Chars[rand(0, $charlen)]; ///得到字符
			$angle = $TFontAngle[rand(0, $anglelen)]; ///旋转角度
			$fontsize = $TFontSize[rand(0, $fontsizelen)]; ///字体大小
			$fontcolor = $FontColors[rand(0, $fontcolorlen)]; ///字体大小

			$bound = $this->_calculateTextBox($fontsize, $angle, $font, $char); ///得到范围

			$arr[] = array (
				$fontsize,
				$angle,
				$fontcolor,
				$char,
				$font,
				$bound
			); ///得到矩形框
			$code .= $char;
		}
		$this->Code = $arr; //验证码
		return $code;
	}

	public function Draw() ///画图
	{
		if (empty ($this->Code))
			$this->RandRSI();
		$codes = $this->Code; ///用户验证码

		$wh = $this->_getImageWH($codes);

		$width = $wh[0];
		$height = $wh[1]; ///高度

		$this->Width = $width;
		$this->Height = $height;

		$this->Image = imageCreate($width, $height);
		$image = $this->Image;

		$back = $this->_getColor2($this->_getColor($this->BgColor)); ///背景颜色

		imageFilledRectangle($image, 0, 0, $width, $height, $back); ///填充背景

		$TPadden = $this->TPadden;

		$basex = $this->Txbase;
		$color = null;
		foreach ($codes as $v) ///逐个画字符
			{
			$bound = $v[5];
			$color = $this->_getColor2($this->_getColor($v[2]));
			imagettftext($image, $v[0], $v[1], $basex, $bound['height'], $color,  DDROOT.'/comm/'.$v[4], $v[3]);
			$basex = $basex + $bound['width'] * $TPadden - $bound['left']; ///计算下一个左边距
		}
		$this->TLine ? $this->_wirteSinLine($color, $basex) : null; ///画干扰线
		header("Content-type: image/png");
		imagepng($image);
		imagedestroy($image);

	}

	/**
	*通过字体角度得到字体矩形宽度*
	*
	* @param int $font_size 字体尺寸
	* @param float $font_angle 旋转角度
	* @param string $font_file 字体文件路径
	* @param string $text 写入字符
	* @return array 返回长宽高
	*/
	private function _calculateTextBox($font_size, $font_angle, $font_file, $text) {
		$box = imagettfbbox($font_size, $font_angle, DDROOT.'/comm/'.$font_file, $text);

		$min_x = min(array (
			$box[0],
			$box[2],
			$box[4],
			$box[6]
		));
		$max_x = max(array (
			$box[0],
			$box[2],
			$box[4],
			$box[6]
		));
		$min_y = min(array (
			$box[1],
			$box[3],
			$box[5],
			$box[7]
		));
		$max_y = max(array (
			$box[1],
			$box[3],
			$box[5],
			$box[7]
		));

		return array (
			'left' => ($min_x >= -1
		) ? -abs($min_x +1) : abs($min_x +2), 'top' => abs($min_y), 'width' => $max_x - $min_x, 'height' => $max_y - $min_y, 'box' => $box);
	}

	private function _getColor($color) //#ffffff
	{
		return array (
			hexdec($color[1] . $color[2]
		), hexdec($color[3] . $color[4]), hexdec($color[5] . $color[6]));
	}

	private function _getColor2($color) //#ffffff
	{
		return imagecolorallocate($this->Image, $color[0], $color[1], $color[2]);
	}

	private function _getImageWH($data) {
		$TPadden = $this->TPadden;
		$w = $this->Txbase;
		$h = 0;
		foreach ($data as $v) {
			$w = $w + $v[5]['width'] * $TPadden - $v[5]['left'];
			$h = $h > $v[5]['height'] ? $h : $v[5]['height'];
		}
		return array (
			max($w,
			$this->Width
		), max($h, $this->Height));
	}

	//画正弦干扰线
	private function _wirteSinLine($color, $w) {
		$img = $this->Image;

		$h = $this->Height;
		$h1 = rand(-5, 5);
		$h2 = rand(-1, 1);
		$w2 = rand(10, 15);
		$h3 = rand(4, 6);

		for ($i = - $w / 2; $i < $w / 2; $i = $i +0.1) {
			$y = $h / $h3 * sin($i / $w2) + $h / 2 + $h1;
			imagesetpixel($img, $i + $w / 2, $y, $color);
			$h2 != 0 ? imagesetpixel($img, $i + $w / 2, $y + $h2, $color) : null;
		}
	}
}
?>

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